In the history of India’s struggle for freedom, one man stands out in all distinctiveness and a class by himself. In physique and mental constitution, in manner and life style, in ideology and in action packed with drama and daring unmatched in contemporary annals, Subhas Chandra Bose is in his total personality a unique phenomenon of twentieth century India. The story of Subhas Chandra Bose needs to be told and understood in the context of the long march of the Indian people to independence from 1857 to 1947. His birth in 1897 marked the mid-point of that crusade. With the Renaissance behind him, he grew up in harmony with the evolution of India’s national movement, responding and reacting to it positively since his early childhood. Even as a schoolboy in a foreign missionary school, he found the milieu foreign to his nature and was thus already a rebel at heart.
Netaji Bhawan, Calcutta, where the museum, archives and library of Netaji Research Bureau are located, is the ancestral house of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose owned and managed by the Bureau. Netaji is regarded as a national hero in India and widely respected in the whole of Asia for his struggle and sacrifice for the liberation of India and all Asian peoples and the establishment of an international order based on justice, friendship and cooperation. The house is a national shrine and visited by thousands of Indians, many Asians and people from across the world all the year round. The Netaji Research Bureau, founded by Dr Sisir Kumar Bose in 1957, is an internationally renowned institute of history, politics and international relations. Netaji Museum is the finest museum on the Indian independence movement.